動物のもつセルラーゼ Cellulases of Animal Origin

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著者

    • 渡辺 裕文 WATANABE Hirofumi
    • 独立行政法人農業生物資源研究所昆虫適応遺伝研究グループ共生媒介機構研究チーム National Institute of Agrobiological Science

抄録

There is still no significant change in the general view on cellulose digestion in animals, which is considered to be accomplished by symbiotes in the alimentary tracts. This is in spite of many experiments during the 20th century which have suggested the presence of endogenous cellulases in animals. In 1998, the first two examples of animal endogenous cellulase genes were isolated from plant cyst-nematodes and a termite. Since then, it has been conclusively shown that members of glycoside-hydrolase family (GHF) 5 are present in nematodes, GHF 9 members are present in termites, cockroaches and crayfish, and a GHF 45 member is found in beetles. The GHF 9 members from these animals form an independent Glade from other GHF 9 members. Thus it is supposed that a GHF 9 cellulase gene originated in an ancestral species among arthropods and was carried to the present species during the course of phylogenetic development. Different from fungal and bacterial cellulases, all animal cellulases, other than some of nematode origins, are composed only of a catalytic domain, which alone, is not effective in digesting the native form of cellulose so it is supposed that the animals in question developed an unique cellulose digesting system using the help of masticating organs.

収録刊行物

  • 応用糖質科学 : oyo toshitsu kagaku = Journal of applied glycoscience

    応用糖質科学 : oyo toshitsu kagaku = Journal of applied glycoscience 48(4), 343-351, 2001-08-01

    日本応用糖質科学会

参考文献:  58件中 1-58件 を表示

被引用文献:  3件中 1-3件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008253118
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10453916
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    13403494
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5899485
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP24(科学技術--化学・化学工業--糖・澱粉)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-15
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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