ステンレス鋼の摩擦係数に及ぼす表面ナノ粗さの影響 Effect of Nano Surface Roughness on Friction Coefficient of Stainless Steel

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Surface modification of materials for sliding motion is very important to reduce friction as well as out-gassing for clean and smooth operation in a vacuum. We, therefore, tried to develop the advanced modifications for smooth motion in a vacuum by controlling surface roughness on a sub-micron scale. Friction measurement was carried out on type 304 austenitic stainless steel sheets known as typical vacuum material. They were surface-treated by chemical polishing or electrochemical buffing after mechanical polishing. A probe for friction measurement was a mechanically polished stainless steel ball of 3.18 mm in diameter. The probe was slided under the load of 0.49 N on surface of stainless steel sheets with surface roughness from 40 nm to 1550 nm. Friction measurement in an atmospheric pressure showed little change in friction coefficients of sheets treated either by chemical polishing or by electrochemical buffing. This shows that friction coefficients were almost independent of surface roughness in an atmospheric pressure. Friction measurement at the pressure of 10<SUP>-6</SUP> Pa showed that friction coefficients of sheets increased largely except sheets with surface roughness about 100 nm treated by chemical polishing or by electrochemical buffing. Stainless steel sheets with surface roughness about 100 nm can only keep low friction coefficient of 0.1 both in an atmospheric pressure and in a high vacuum. It is therefore concluded that the surface roughness about 100 nm will help smooth sliding motion under any pressure from atmospheric pressure down to high vacuum.

収録刊行物

  • 真空

    真空 45(4), 361-364, 2002-04-20

    The Vacuum Society of Japan

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  • 真空材料の摩擦特性

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    参考文献2件 被引用文献3件

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008421888
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00119871
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    05598516
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6169142
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZN15(科学技術--機械工学・工業--流体機械)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z16-474
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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