Acute Viral Encephalitis: The Recent Progress

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In the new Japanese control law for infectious diseases, most varieties of acute viral encephalitis belong to Category IV requiring report of all cases at sentinel hospitals. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis comprises the majority of cases. With the increased prevalence of diagnostic procedures such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), several forms of HSV-1, and -2 central nervous system (CNS) infections, including acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, brainstem encephalitis, and myelitis, have been clarified. Since 1990 we have conducted a survey of HSV CNS infections in the Kyushu and Okinawa regions, and the data are reviewed here. Trends include an increase in a new subtype of non-herpetic acute limbic encephalitis. In contrast, the incidence of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in Japan has dramatically decreased to a few patients per year; however, JE remains a threat for those with decreased or absent immunity to the JE virus. Imported emerging and reemerging CNS infections such as Murray Valley and West Nile encephalitis can occur in Japan. Influenza-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy is also described as a threat for adults as well as young children.<br>(Inte

収録刊行物

  • Internal medicine

    Internal medicine 41(6), 420-428, 2002-06-01

    The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

参考文献:  63件中 1-63件 を表示

被引用文献:  4件中 1-4件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008548298
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10827774
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    09182918
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6183578
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS21(科学技術--医学--内科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-M398
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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