Physical and Mathematical Modelling of Thermal Stratification Phenomena in Steel Ladles

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著者

    • PAN Yuhua
    • Division of Process Metallurgy, Department of Chemical and Metallurical Engineering, Lulea University of Technology
    • BJORKMAN Bo
    • Division of Process Metallurgy, Department of Chemical and Metallurical Engineering, Lulea University of Technology

抄録

A 1/4-scale hot-water model of industrial 107-tonne steel ladles was established in the laboratory. With this physical model, thermal stratification phenomena due to natural convection in steel ladles during the holding period before casting were investigated. By controlling the cooling intensity of the water model to correspond to the heat loss rate of steel ladles, which is governed by dimensionless numbers Fr and βΔ<i>T</i>, temperature distributions in the water model can simulate those in the steel ladles. Consequently, the temperature profile in the hot-water bath in the model can be used to deduce the thermal stratification phenomena in liquid steel bath in the ladles. In addition, mathematical simulations on fluid flow and heat transfer both in the water model and in the prototype steel ladle were performed using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical method. The CFD model was validated against temperatures measured in the water model. Comparisons between mathematically simulated temperature profiles in the prototype steel ladle and those physically simulated by scaling-up the measured temperature profiles in the water model showed a good agreement. Therefore, it can be concluded that, as long as accurate heat loss information is known, it is feasible to use a 1/4-scale water model to non-isothermally simulate fluid flow and heat transfer in steel ladles during the holding period before casting.

収録刊行物

  • ISIJ international

    ISIJ international 42(6), 614-623, 2002-06-15

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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