Difference in Inhibitory Effects of Dexamethasone and Cyclosporin A on Sephadex Bead-Induced Airway Hyperresponsiveness and Inflammation in Rats

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We investigated the effects of dexamethasone and cyclosporin A on Sephadex bead (Sephadex G-200, Sephadex)-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation in rats. Sephadex (0.5 mg/animal) was intravenously administered on days 0, 2 and 5. Bronchoalveolar lavage, histological study and measurement of AHR were performed on day 7. Dexamethasone (0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg, p.o. ×3) and cyclosporin A (0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg, s.c. ×3) clearly inhibited the increase in eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after Sephadex injection. On histological study, pulmonary eosinophilia, granulomatous arteritis with horseshoe-shaped multinuclear giant cell formation and goblet hyperplasia were observed after Sephadex injection. Both dexamethasone (10 mg/kg×3) and cyclosporin A (10 mg/kg×3) inhibited these findings and an increase in eosinophil peroxidase in the lung. Dexamethasone dose-dependently inhibited AHR induced by Sephadex, and completely suppressed it at a dose of 1 mg/kg (×3). Cyclosporin A, however, did not inhibit AHR even at a dose of 10 mg/kg (×3). These results show that there is a difference between dexamethasone and cyclosporin A in the inhibitory effect on Sephadex-induced AHR, and they suggest that eosinophils are not directly associated with the development of AHR after Sephadex injection.

収録刊行物

  • The Japanese journal of pharmacology

    The Japanese journal of pharmacology 77(1), 89-98, 1998-05-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008680278
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA00691188
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4503678
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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