ATP Receptors for the Protection of Hippocampal Functions

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抄録

The inhibitory effects of extracellular adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) are reviewed in the present paper. ATP inhibits the release of the excitatory transmitter glutamate and stimulates the release of the inhibitory transmitter GABA from hippocampal neurons. Also, ATP activates potassium conductance directly through G protein, resulting in hyperpolarization of membrane potential. ATP activates microglia to secrete plasminogen that promotes the development of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons and enhances neurite outgrowth from explants of neocortical tissue. Moreover, ATP may protect hippocampal neurons from excitotoxic cell death by preserving mitochondrial function. Thus, ATP may have a role in the protection of the function of hippocampus from over-stimulation by glutamate.

収録刊行物

  • The Japanese journal of pharmacology

    The Japanese journal of pharmacology 78(4), 405-410, 1998-12-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008681546
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA00691188
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4629544
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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