4) 脳卒中患者における嚥下障害の診かたと管理 Evaluation and management of dysphagia after stroke

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Dysphagia is a commmon comlication after stroke, being reproted in 30-50% in acute stage patients. It is also critical that dysphagia may occure 3 to 5 days after onset because of brain edema, so clinicians must be careful to treat stroke patients with close observation. Especially elderly patients with dysphagia have a high risk of aspiration peumonia, which might be life threatening condition for them. Dysphagia generally recovers spontaneously and frequency of the chronic stage cases is thought to be less 6%.The 30ml water swallow test is used to screen dysphagia. If cough or some symptom of aspiration such as wet voice or breathing difficulties are seen, dysphagia is strongly suspected. Oral care is essential and diet modification and rehabilitation techiques are applied. Fiberoptic evaluation or fluoroscopic examination is recommended for severe dysphagia. The treatment plan should be established according to the pathological conditions. The goal of dysphagia management is to prevent aspiration pneumonia, dehaydration and malnutition. If swallowing difficulties continue, alternative nutrition, PEG or intermittent tube feeding, could be helpfull. Multidisciplinary team approach should be adopted for dysphagia management.

収録刊行物

  • 日本老年医学会雑誌

    日本老年医学会雑誌 40(2), 130-134, 2003-03-25

    一般社団法人 日本老年医学会

参考文献:  14件中 1-14件 を表示

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10010768152
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00199010
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    03009173
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6536199
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS21(科学技術--医学--内科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-25
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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