cGMP Inhibits GTP Cyclohydrolase I Activity and Biosynthesis of Tetrahydrobiopterin in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

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Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) acts as an essential cofactor for the enzymatic activity of nitric oxide (NO) synthases. Biosynthesis of the cofactor BH4 starts from GTP and requires 3 enzymatic steps, which include GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH I) catalysis of the first and rate-limiting step. In this study we examined the effects of cGMP on GCH I activity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells under inflammatory conditions. Exogenous application of the cGMP analogue 8-bromo-cGMP markedly inhibited GCH I activity in the short term, whereas an cAMP analogue had no effect on GCH I activity under the same condition. NO donors, NOR3 and sodium nitroprusside, elevated the intracellular cGMP level and reduced GCH I activity in the short term. This inhibition of GCH I activity was obliterated in the presence of an NO trapper carboxy-PTIO. NO donors had no effect on GCH I mRNA expression in the short term. Moreover, cycloheximide did not alter the inhibition by NO donors of GCH I activity. These findings suggest that stimulation of the cGMP signaling cascade down-regulates GCH I activity through post translational modification of the GCH I enzyme.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 93(3), 265-271, 2003-11-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10012544898
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6757840
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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