Changes of Brain Endothelin Levels and Peripheral Endothelin Receptors by Chronic Cigarette Smoke in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

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The present study was conducted to evaluate the contribution of endothelin (ET) to the pharmacodynamic response to chronic cigarette smoke in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The contribution of ET was studied consequent to the hemodynamic response following 8 weeks of cigarette smoke by determining the changes in tissue ET-1 content and ET receptors. The blood pressure (BP) at the early phase of smoking and the heart rate (HR) 24 h later were apparently reduced in SHR, while the HR at the early phase was transiently elevated in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Tissue ET-1 levels in the hypothalamus, striatum, and cortex of SHR were higher than those in WKY rats, and these higher levels in SHR were reduced by exposure to chronic cigarette smoke. The ET-1 contents in the medulla oblongata and midbrain of both strains were clearly increased by smoke exposure, although the levels of SHR and WKY rats were not different. In addition, the immunoreactivity of the ET type A receptor in the adrenal glands and type B receptor in the kidneys of SHR showed a different response to smoke exposure as compared to WKY rats. Our present findings suggest that the changes of ETs may relate to the pharmacodynamic effects of chronic cigarette smoke.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 94(3), 287-296, 2004-03-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10012709882
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6890256
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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