Fabrication of TiB_2 Particle Dispersed FeAl-based Composites by Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis

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FeAl–TiB<sub>2</sub> composites have been produced from mixtures of Fe, Al, Ti and B powders using the Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS or combustion synthesis) method. When the powder mixture was heated in vacuum to approximately 900 K, an abrupt increase in temperature was observed, indicating that the SHS reaction occurred in the powder mixture. The treating time from the start of heating to the end of the exothermic reaction was only approximately two minutes. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the SHS sample consisted of only FeAl and TiB<sub>2</sub> without any elemental metals and any other compounds. Metallographic investigations using a scanning electron microscope and an electron probe microanalysis revealed that fine TiB<sub>2</sub> particles were dispersed in FeAl matrix phase. As the volume fraction of the TiB<sub>2</sub> particles was increased from 0.3 to 0.8 by controlling the powder mixture composition, the average TiB<sub>2</sub> particle size increased from 1 to 7 μm and the average Vickers hardness of the composites increased from 800 to 1 600.

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  • ISIJ international  

    ISIJ international 46(6), 871-874, 2006-06-15 

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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