地盤陥没災害と地下空洞調査について Damage to the ground caused by caving and investigation of underground cavities

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There are many abandoned coal and lignite mines, underground shelters excavated during the Second World War, hastily filled underground rooms and pipes during the re-construction following the Second World War all over Japan. Due to degradation of these cavities, sinkholes or ground subsidence resulting in casualties and damages to residential areas properties have been increasing in recent years. In addition, torrential rains and/or earthquakes make necessary to investigate the instability of such abandoned underground cavities.<br>The behavior of rock mass between the ground surface and shallow underground openings is very complex and it is affected by the mechanical behavior (deformation, local failures, loosening), weathering, and deterioration, following the excavation, underground water seepage. In this article, the author describes damages caused by ground subsidence, sinkholes and their mechanism associated with environmental factors, the collapse risk of abandoned mines. Furthermore, the importance of the development of exploration and surveying techniques to detect the location and geometry of abandoned underground cavities is disccused.

収録刊行物

  • 物理探査 = BUTSURI-TANSA Geophysical Exploration  

    物理探査 = BUTSURI-TANSA Geophysical Exploration 58(6), 589-597, 2005-12-01 

    The Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018082310
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10028069
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    09127984
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7915768
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-66
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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