円形アレーを用いた微動探査における位相速度の直接同定法 Direct estimation method to extract phase velocities of Rayleigh waves in microtremors using circular arrays
We propose a new analysis method of microtremor circular arrays for detecting phase velocities of Rayleigh waves in microtremors, aiming to conduct the microtremor array observations with fewer restriction of seismometer arrangement than the spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) method. The method is based on the complex coherence function (CCF) of the Rayleigh waves formulated by Shiraishi and Matsuoka (2005) to study the relationship between wave sources and observation points on an array. In this method, the values of the Bessel function <i>J</i><sub>0</sub> (<i>kr</i>) (<i>k</i>: wave number, <i>r</i>: distance between observation points) that generate phase velocities are obtained as a solution of the simultaneous equations of CCFs, while they are calculated from the directional average of CCFs in the SPAC method. Therefore, our method allows observation points not equally spaced on the circumference.<br>From theoretical studies of this method for a circular array, it was found that seismometers on the circumference could be set at almost any place with the condition of symmetrical seismometer arrangement. Moreover, a field experiment have confirmed that the phase velocity obtained from the proposed method agreed with that of the SPAC method.
- 物理探査 = BUTSURI-TANSA Geophysical Exploration
物理探査 = BUTSURI-TANSA Geophysical Exploration 58(6), 643-651, 2005-12-01
The Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan