Improving High-$\kappa$ Gate Dielectric Properties by High-Pressure Water Vapor Annealing
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High-pressure water vapor annealing has been found to improve the electrical properties of high-$\kappa$ gate oxides. A vapor-annealing time of less than 60 min was effective in decreasing leakage current density and increasing capacitance density. This improvement is related to the active species in the water vapor which can react with unsaturated bonds in the bulk oxide film and dangling bonds at the film interface. However, the electrical properties did not improve after longer annealing periods. Optimizing the annealing conditions is essential for obtaining high quality high-$\kappa$ films.
- Jpn J Appl Phys
Jpn J Appl Phys 45(4), L120-L123, 2006-02-25
INSTITUTE OF PURE AND APPLIED PHYSICS