Acetylcholine Inhibits the Hypoxia-Induced Reduction of Connexin43 Protein in Rat Cardiomyocytes

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

In a recent study, we demonstrated that vagal stimulation increases the survival of rats with myocardial infarction by inhibiting lethal arrhythmia through regulation of connexin43 (Cx43). However, the precise mechanisms for this effect remain to be elucidated. To investigate these mechanisms and the signal transduction for gap junction regulation, we investigated the effect of acetylcholine (ACh), a parasympathetic nerve system neurotransmitter, on the gap junction component Cx43 using H9c2 cells. When cells were subjected to hypoxia, the total Cx43 protein level was decreased. In contrast, pretreatment with ACh inhibited this effect. To investigate the signal transduction, cells were pretreated with <sc><font size = "-2">L</font></sc>-NAME, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, followed by ACh and hypoxia. <sc><font size = "-2">L</font></sc>-NAME was found to suppress the ACh effect. However, a NO donor, SNAP, partially inhibited the hypoxia-induced reduction in Cx43. To delineate the mechanisms of the decrease in Cx43 under hypoxia, cells were pretreated with MG132, a proteasome inhibitor. Proteasome inhibition produced a striking recovery of the decrease in the total Cx43 protein level under hypoxia. However, cotreatment with MG132 and ACh did not produce any further increase in the total Cx43 protein level. Functional studies using ACh or okadaic acid, a phosphatase inhibitor, revealed that both reagents inhibited the decrease in the dye transfer induced by hypoxia. These results suggest that ACh is responsible for restoring the decrease in the Cx43 protein level, resulting in functional activation of gap junctions.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences  

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 101(3), 214-222, 2006-07-20 

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

参考文献:  24件

参考文献を見るにはログインが必要です。ユーザIDをお持ちでない方は新規登録してください。

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018236929
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7985579
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ