Nitric Oxide/cGMP Signaling Pathway Protects RAW264 Cells Against Nitric Oxide-Induced Apoptosis by Inhibiting the Activation of p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase

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Nitric oxide (NO) induces apoptosis in various cells lines, while activation of the NO/cGMP signaling pathway prevents apoptosis induced by diverse stimuli, including NO. Here, we report the cytoprotective mechanisms of the NO/cGMP signaling pathway against NO-induced apoptosis in a mouse macrophage-like cell line, RAW264. Treatment with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), an NO donor, at a high-toxic concentration (4 mM) stimulated the N-terminal conformational change of Bax and its translocation to mitochondria followed by cytochrome c release and nuclear fragmentation in RAW264 cells. These changes of Bax were attenuated by pretreatment with SNP at a low-nontoxic concentration (100 μM) or dibutyryl cGMP (DBcGMP), a cell-permeable cGMP analogue. SB203580, a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) inhibitor, blocked the effects of 4 mM SNP on Bax translocation and cell viability. Treatment with 4 mM SNP activated p38 MAP kinase and this effect was prevented by pretreatment with 100 μM SNP or DBcGMP. These findings suggest that the NO/cGMP signaling pathway inhibits NO-induced apoptosis of macrophages by suppressing the p38 MAP kinase activation, which results in N-terminal conformational change of Bax and its translocation to mitochondria.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences  

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 101(2), 126-134, 2006-06-20 

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018237694
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7963302
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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