Current Topics in Pharmacological Research on Bone Metabolism : Promyelotic Leukemia Zinc Finger (PLZF) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Stimulated Gene 6 (TSG-6) Identified by Gene Expression Analysis Play Roles in the Pathogenesis of Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

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To understand the molecular pathogenesis of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL), an ectopic bone formation disease, we performed cDNA microarray analysis on cultured ligament cells from OPLL patients to understand the molecular pathogenesis of OPLL. We identified promyelotic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) as one of up-regulated genes and tumor necrosis factor-α-stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6) as one of down-regulated gene during osteoblastic differentiation. We investigated the roles of PLZF in the regulation of osteoblastic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and C2C12 cells. siRNA-mediated gene-silencing of PLZF resulted in a reduction of the expression of osteoblast-specific genes such as the alkaline phosphatase, collagen 1A1, Runx2/CBFA1, and osteocalcin genes in the presence of osteogenic differentiation medium (OS) in hMSCs. The overexpression of PLZF induced CBFA1 induction, suggesting that PLZF is an upstream regulator of CBFA1 and thereby participates in promoting the ossification of spinal ligament cells in OPLL patients. Adenoirus-mediated TSG-6 overexpression in hMSCs resulted in suppression of oseoblastic differentiation induced by either BMP-2 or OS. TSG-6 can bind to BMP-2 directly and thereby could inhibit BMP-2 signaling. Taken together, these findings indicate that PLZF and TSG-6 play important roles in early osteoblastic differentiation.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences  

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 100(3), 205-210, 2006-03-20 

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018240352
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7858236
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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