Analysis of Vasoreactivity of Isolated Human Radial Artery

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Radial artery (RA) is increasingly used as graft for coronary artery bypass grafting due to its good long-term patency. However, the mechanism of peri- and post-operative spasm is still unclear. Because of that, the aim of our study is to analyze the contractility of RA and to determine whether the presence of functional endothelium alters its contractile properties. Contractions of isolated RA rings were provoked by exogenously applied vasoconstrictors or by electrical field stimulation (EFS, 20 Hz). The order of vasoconstrictors potency based on their EC<sub>50</sub> values was as follows: angiotensin II > phenylephrine > 5-hydroxytriptamine. Presence of endothelium increased both EC<sub>50</sub> and maximal contraction to phenylephrine and angiotensin II, but inhibited reactivity of RA to 5-hydroxytriptamine. Spontaneous rhythmic contractions (SRC, <4 mHz) and EFS-induced contractions of RA are endothelium-independent and weaker than contractions induced by exogenously applied vasoconstrictors. Our study concludes that RA shows marked sensitivity and reactivity to angiotensin II, phenylephrine, and 5-hydroxytriptamine. Further investigations are necessary to answer why angiotensin II and phenylepehrine induce stronger contractions in the presence of endothelium. In addition, SRC as well as contractions of neurogenic origin may take part in developing vascular spasm of RA.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of pharmacological sciences  

    Journal of pharmacological sciences 100(1), 34-40, 2006-01-20 

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018241025
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11806667
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7782968
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D199
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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