Induced Desynaptic Male Sterile Lines in Soybean
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In a study on soybean using gamma rays, we came across with some sterile mutants. Cytological studies of these mutants clearly revealed desynapsis in them. In these sterile plants only few bivalents and a high frequency of univalents have been recorded and they displayed a very high percentage of pollen sterility. Later meiotic stages were also found to be highly disturbed. The plants were identified as male sterile ones as few pods were formed. It might be possible that gamma rays have acted on some genes responsible for synapsis and chiasma formation and resulted in early chiasmate dissociation suggesting that gamma rays can act as a potential tool in the development of male sterile lines. Study of desynaptic mutants is a potentially important source of information on the chiasma maintenance mechanism. These mutants furthermore can provide useful cytological and genetical informations on the male sterility occured in higher plants.
CYTOLOGIA 71(4), 337-343, 2006-12-25
Japan Mendel Society, International Society of Cytology