Fabrication of TiC-20mass%Ni Cermet Using MA-PCS Process
Mechanical alloying and pulsed-current sintering were used to synthesize TiC-20 mass%Ni cermet with ultra-fine TiC particles dispersed. The mixture, in which Ti and Ni elements were uniformly distributed, was prepared by mechanical alloying of Ti, Ni and graphite powders for 18 ks. TiC particles were produced in the mixture milled for longer than 18 ks through a combustion synthesis reaction during heating. Mechanically alloyed Ti-C-Ni composite powder milled for 18 ks was consolidated using pulsed-current sintering at 1223 K under 70 MPa pressure. The sintered compact consisted of TiC and Ni. The average grain size of TiC particles in the sintered body was 0.80 μm. The relative density of the sintered compact reached 92% of the theoretical one; its Vickers hardness was 2260 Hv.
- Materials transactions
Materials transactions 47(10), 2561-2565, 2006-10-20