Performance of Neutron/Proton Source Based on Ion-Source-Assisted Cylindrical Radially Convergent Beam Fusion
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Radially Convergent Beam Fusion (RCBF) device is a compact fusion proton/neutron source with an extremely simple configuration, high controllability, and hence high safety. Therefore, it has been studied for practical use as a portable neutron/proton source for various applications such as landmine detection and medical positron emission tomography. However, some problems remain for the practical use, and the most critical one is the insufficiency of absolute neutron/proton yields. In this study, a new RCBF device was designed to obtain higher neutron/proton yields, and tested by using deuterium gas. The key features of the new device are the cylindrical electrode configuration in consideration of better electrostatic confinement of ions and extraction of protons, and an integrated ion source that consists of a cusp magnetic field and a negatively biased grid anode. To investigate the performance characteristics of the device and the effect of the ion source, three kinds of experimental setup were used for comparison. At first, the device was operated with the basic setup. Then a cusp magnetic field was applied by using ferrite magnets, and finally the grid anode was negatively biased. As a result, it was confirmed that the ion source works effectively. At the same voltage and current, the obtained neutron production rate was about one order of magnitude higher than that of the conventional spherical RCBF device. The maximum neutron production rate of 6.8 × 10<sup>9</sup> n/s was obtained at a pulsed discharge of -70 kV and 10 A with an anode bias voltage of -1.0 kV.
- IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials
IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials 126(11), 1177-1182, 2006-11-01
The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan