Relationships between Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Blood Pressure and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness among Truck Drivers
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Sleep-disordered breathing is a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular disease and accidents in the general population, but little is known about this correlation among professional truck drivers. To examine the relationships of sleep-disordered breathing with blood pressure levels and excessive daytime sleepiness among truck drivers, we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study of 1,313 subjects aged 20−69 years registered in the Japanese Trucking Association. The 3% oxygen desaturation index was selected as an indicator of sleep-disordered breathing, representing the number of desaturation events per hour of recording time in which blood oxygen fell by ≥3% by overnight pulse oximetry. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale was used to estimate excessive daytime sleepiness. There were significant positive associations between the 3% oxygen desaturation index levels and both diastolic blood pressure levels and Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores. The multivariate odds ratio of hypertension was 2.0 (1.1−3.6) for a 3% oxygen desaturation index of ≥15 in reference with a 3% oxygen desaturation index of <5. This association was more evident among those aged ≥40 years and overweight subjects. Further, the multivariate odds ratio of an Epworth Sleepiness Scale of ≥11 was 2.3 (1.1−4.9) for a 3% oxygen desaturation index of ≥15 in reference with a 3% oxygen desaturation index of <5. This association was more evident among those aged ≥40 years. The associations of sleep-disordered breathing severity with diastolic blood pressure levels and excessive daytime sleepiness suggest the need for sleep-disordered breathing screening among truck drivers for prevention of hypertension and potential traffic accidents.
- Hypertension research
Hypertension research 29(8), 605-610, 2006-08-01
Japanese Society of Hypertension