Serum insulin-like growth factor I in brain function

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Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is present at high concentrations in the circulation. Tissue-specific genetic ablation has shown that the majority of serum IGF-I is secreted by liver cells, although all major organs synthesize it. IGF-I is an important signal during development, including brain growth. Although the biological role of IGF-I in organs such as muscle or ovary is reasonably well established, its biological significance in the adult brain is far from clear. In this regard, while local IGF-I synthesis decreases during brain development, protein levels remain relatively constant throughout life until old age, where a decline is found, not only in the brain but also in the blood-stream. This mismatch between declining local synthesis early after birth and steady protein levels may be explained by the ability of serum IGF-I to access the brain across the blood-brain-barrier. This peripheral IGF-I input to the brain is a physiologically meaningful process of potential impact in brain diseases. Numerous brain mechanisms are regulated by serum IGF-I. Many of these, such as cell energy modulation or growth and survival are common to other IGF-I target tissues but there are also a number of brain-specific mechanisms regulated by IGF-I which likely underlie the ability of serum IGF-I to modulate the major function of the brain: cognition. We propose that serum IGF-I forms part of the mechanisms involved in the "cognitive reserve" concept of brain responses to homeostasis breakdown. Based on IGF-I pleiotropy not only in brain but elsewhere, we consider that loss of IGF-I function is an important step towards disease.

収録刊行物

  • Keio journal of medicine  

    Keio journal of medicine 55(2), 59-63, 2006-06-01 

    The Keio Journal of Medicine

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018350544
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA00710216
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    00229717
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  J-STAGE 
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