Genesis of peculiarly zoned Co, Zn and Mn-rich chromian spinel in serpentinite of Bou-Azzer ophiolite, Anti-Atlas, Morocco

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The peculiar Co, Zn and Mn-rich chromian spinels are hosted by magnetite veins, serpentinites and chromitites of the mantle section of the Proterozoic Bou-Azzer ophiolite, Morocco. The spinel is complexly zoned either optically or chemically, and exhibits anomalously high MnO, ZnO and CoO contents (up to 22, 7.5 and 2 wt%, respectively). It has four distinct optical zones particularly in the magnetite veins and less typically in serpentinites. The highest level of these elements, probably divalent, is recorded within the ferritchromite zone and/or within the core zone if the ferritchromite zone is absent. These elements as well as Fe exhibit enrichment along grain boundaries and fractures of the altered spinels. Fe, Mn, Zn and Co were most probably supplied from olivine upon severe serpentinization during and after obduction of the ophiolite. The enrichment of the Bou-Azzer chromian spinel in Mn, Zn and Co was governed mainly by the fluid/mineral (spinel) ratio and partition coefficient between spinel and the relevant fluid among many factors. The Co-, Zn- and Mn-rich chromian spinels can be used as an exploration guide for Co-Ni-Zn-Cu sulfide mineralization associated with serpentinized peridotites.

The peculiar Co, Zn and Mn-rich chromian spinels are hosted by magnetite veins, serpentinites and chromitites of the mantle section of the Proterozoic Bou-Azzer ophiolite, Morocco. The spinel is complexly zoned either optically or chemically, and exhibits anomalously high MnO, ZnO and CoO contents (up to 22, 7.5 and 2 wt%, respectively). It has four distinct optical zones particularly in the magnetite veins and less typically in serpentinites. The highest level of these elements, probably divalent, is recorded within the ferritchromite zone and/or within the core zone if the ferritchromite zone is absent. These elements as well as Fe exhibit enrichment along grain boundaries and fractures of the altered spinels. Fe, Mn, Zn and Co were most probably supplied from olivine upon severe serpentinization during and after obduction of the ophiolite.<br>     The enrichment of the Bou-Azzer chromian spinel in Mn, Zn and Co was governed mainly by the fluid/mineral (spinel) ratio and partition coefficient between spinel and the relevant fluid among many factors. The Co-, Zn- and Mn-rich chromian spinels can be used as an exploration guide for Co-Ni-Zn-Cu sulfide mineralization associated with serpentinized peridotites.

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  • Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences  

    Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences 102(2), 69-85, 2007-04-01 

    日本鉱物学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018419001
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11460926
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13456296
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  IR  J-STAGE 
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