Transient Internal Flow Characterization of a Bifurcated Submerged Entry Nozzle
Many authors have pointed out that the steel superficial quality strongly depends on the operating conditions at the continuous caster mold. The analysis of the dynamic behavior of the fluid inside the mold Submerged Entry Nozzle (SEN) was done in this work by means of numerical simulations. In this work, the tundish sliding nozzle was not included. The results of two different turbulence models, the <i>K</i>–ε and the Large Eddy Simulations (LES) models were compared. In simulations with both models, the velocity magnitude at 24 points inside the SEN was recorded every 0.001 s. The power spectrum of the results obtained with the LES turbulence model shows that the behavior inside the SEN is periodic. This behavior is compared with that obtained in physical simulations.
- ISIJ international
ISIJ international 46(8), 1183-1191, 2006-08-15
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan