日本人高齢者の生業とソマトタイプ Somatotype in Relation to Profession in Elderly Japanese

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子どもから老人に至るまで,一般日本人のソマトタイプの研究はほとんど行われていない。さらにまた生業,生活環境を考慮したソマトタイプの研究は内外を問わず全く行われていない。本研究は長年一定の職業に就いてきた高齢者が,どのような体形特徴を持つかを知るために行われた。対象は日本の伝統的な生業である農業,漁業に従事する集団と,多様な職業が混在する大都会の集団で,被験者の年齢は50代から90代である。農村被験者男51名,女42名,漁村被験者男53名,女48名,東京都心の被験者男55名,女66名の身体測定を行い,Heath-Carter法によりソマトスコアを算出した。その結果,身体サイズは男女とも農村と漁村の間に差はないが,都心の被験者は体が大きいことが分かった。これには生業に伴うエネルギー消費の違い,食習慣の違いの他に,通婚圏の広さの違いも重要な要因になっていることが示唆された。また,ソマトタイプには地域差ないし生業による差が認められた。都心の男女には内胚葉型が多く,農・漁村では中胚葉型が多かった。特に漁村の女性では中胚葉要素が強く,そのためソマトタイプの男女差は漁村で小さいことが分かった。<br>

A study of somatotype in the general Japanese population from children through to the elderly has never been executed. No study of somatotype relating to the life history and ecological conditions where the subjects live and work is available in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a specific character of body shape among groups of inhabitants who have engaged in their profession for a long period of time, i.e. in the elderly. Three groups were selected according to profession: a farming group, rice farmers in particular; an inshore fishery group; and a group of subjects in varied occupations in a large urban area. The subjects ranged in age from their 50s to their 90s; the subject number consisted of 51 males and 42 females in a farming village, 53 males and 48 females in a fishing village, and 55 males and 66 females in the center of Tokyo. 10 anthropometric measurements were obtained, and somatotypes were determined according to the Heath-Carter method in each location, as well as in each age group and each sex. The results were as follows. 1) As for body size, no difference was detected between the farmers and fishermen/women, whereas the subjects in Tokyo were greater in size than the subjects of the other 2 groups. This difference is possibly due not only to daily energy consumption and dietary habits, but also to the regional extent for spouse selection. 2) As for somatotype, a clear difference correlating to region and/or profession was detected. Endomorphy was most frequently encountered in Tokyo in either sex, whereas in the farming and fishing villages the mesomorphic element was prevalent. Moreover, because in the females in the fishing village the mesomorphic element was the most prevalent, the sex difference with regard to somatotype was very small in this village.<br>

収録刊行物

  • Anthropological science. Japanese series : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon : 人類學雜誌  

    Anthropological science. Japanese series : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon : 人類學雜誌 114(2), 87-100, 2006-12-01 

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018443544
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11307827
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13443992
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8621034
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS1(科学技術--人類学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-11
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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