小学生の豆類摂取を促す指導の教育効果および豆等の摂取頻度と児童の健康状況の関連 The educational effects of teaching to have children eat beans and the relationship between the intake frequencies of beans, etc. and children's healthy situations
小学校4, 5年生を対象に調理実習と授業実践を取り入れた「豆」の指導を展開した。指導前後に実施した質問紙調査, 指導群150名と対照群249名の成績を解析し, 教育効果を明らかにするとともに, 豆等の摂取頻度と児童の健康状況の関連を検討した。<br> (1) 指導群では, 指導後, 豆の嗜好, 豆の摂取意欲が有意に向上し, 対照群と比較すると家庭での豆の摂取頻度に増加傾向がみられた。<br> (2) 調理実習で児童が豆を「おいしい」と感じ, 嗜好が改善すれば, 豆の摂取も多くなることが示唆された。家庭での豆料理の提供が増えると, 豆の摂取は更に増加すると推察された。<br> (3) 調査した家庭での4項目の摂取頻度は,「豆」と「豆製品」,「カップめん」と「コンビニおにぎり」がそれぞれ有意な正の相関を示し, 健康状況に対しては,「豆」「豆製品」が有意な正の相関,「カップめん」「コンビニおにぎり」が有意な負の相関を示す傾向がみられた。<br> (4) 指導群では, コンビニ食品の摂取頻度が有意に減少し, 児童の健康状況の有意な向上が認められた。<br> (5) 摂取頻度における「豆・豆製品優位群」は,「コンビニ食品優位群」に比べて有意に高い健康度を示した。<br> (6) 児童に伝統的な食材やその食べ方を伝えていくことは, 食体験の幅を広げるとともに, 児童の健康状況に良好な影響を与える効果を期待できることが示唆された。
Teaching a good cooking practice using beans was carried out for fourth and fifth graders in an elementary school. Before and after the teaching, questionnaire surveys were conducted among the teaching group (150 children) and the control group (249 children). The educational effects and the relationship between the intake frequencies of beans, etc., and the children's healthy situations were investigated using these surveys. The results were as follows.<br> 1) In the teaching group, after the teaching, the children's taste for beans and their will to eat beans were significantly improved and the intake frequency of beans at home showed a tendency to increase compared to the control group.<br> 2) It was suggested that if the children felt that the beans were delicious by cooking and their taste for beans was improved, their beans intake would also increase.<br> 3) For the investigated intake frequencies of four items at home, significant positive correlation was found between "beans" and "bean products" and between "cup noodle" and "convenience store rice ball". Regarding healthy situations,"beans and bean products" showed a significant positive correlation and "convenience store food" showed a significant negative correlation.<br> 4) In the teaching group, the intake frequency of convenience store food significantly decreased and the children's healthy situations significantly improved.<br> 5) The"beans and bean products predominance group"regarding the intake frequency showed a significantly good health situation compared to the"convenience store food predominance group".<br> 6) It was suggested that the effect of having a good influence on children's healthy situations was expected by teaching children about traditional foods and how to eat them.
- 日本食生活学会誌 = Journal for the integrated study of dietary habits
日本食生活学会誌 = Journal for the integrated study of dietary habits 17(3), 231-238, 2006-12-30
THE JAPAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE INTEGRATED STUDY OF DIETARY HABITS