The Quality of Eggs from Japanese Quail, Coturnix japonica, Fed Rations Containing Aflatoxin B_1 and Fumonisin B_1

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In the present study, the individual and combined effects of aflatoxin B<SUB>1</SUB> (AFB<SUB>1</SUB>) and fumonisin B<SUB>1</SUB> (FB<SUB>1</SUB>) on the quality of quail eggs were investigated. To this end, 288 8-week-old Japanese quail were randomly distributed into six experimental groups (48 birds per group) and fed the following diets for 140 days (five 28-day laying periods) : 1) 0 (control) ; 2) 10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg ; 3) 50μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg ; 4) 50μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg+10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg ; 5) 200μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg ; and 6) 200μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg+10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg feed. Each treatment consisted of four replicates of twelve quail. Eggs laid in the last day of each 28-d laying period were collected and submitted for individual analysis for specific gravity, Haugh units and percentage shell. Results showed that by the end of the 4<SUP>th</SUP> cycle, average egg weight was lower (<I>P</I><0.05) in groups fed 50 or 200μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg+10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg combination diets. Specific gravity decreased (<I>P</I><0.05) in the group fed 200μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg+10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg by the 5<SUP>th</SUP> cycle. Feed intake and Haugh units were not affected (<I>P</I>> 0.05) by AFB<SUB>1 </SUB>and/or FB<SUB>1</SUB>. Only birds receiving the 200μg AFB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg+10mg FB<SUB>1</SUB>/kg diet had decreased (<I>P</I><0.05) percent eggshell by the 4<SUP>th</SUP> cycle. Data indicated that AFB<SUB>1</SUB> and FB<SUB>1</SUB> in combination have primarily additive effects on quail egg weight, specific gravity and percent eggshell at the concentrations used.

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  • The journal of poultry science  

    The journal of poultry science 44(1), 29-33, 2007-01-25 

    日本家禽学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018485452
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11564513
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13467395
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8610918
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-J694
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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