Evaluation of Medical Interviews Observed in Japanese Medical School OSC Examinations
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BACKGROUND: Medical students need interviewing skills to be effective in dealing with patients. However, it is presumed that there are some problems in evaluating the competencies medical students are required to have for practicing medicine.<BR>OBJECTIVE: During Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) in Japan, instructors usually evaluate examinee's behavior and attitude toward doing medical interviews. To improve the objectivity of these examinations we examined the assessment of our OSCE medical interview.<BR>METHODS: Medical interviews are usually evaluated using a rating list. The standardized list used in most medical schools is composed of two parts: one scores the student's behavior while conducting the interview and the other evaluates the student's ability to gather information from patients. For 5<SUP>th</SUP>year student OSCE medical interviews are performed twice, before and after ward rotation. The results of two OSCEs were analyzed in terms of scores on conducting an interview, collecting patient information, and SP, or simulated patient. Data analysis of the students' behavior and attitude were taken over 3 years, from 2000 to 2002.<BR>RESULTS: Total scores and scores on conducting interviews, collecting information, and SP's evaluation all increased when comparisons were made between before and after ward rotation. However, only the differences in the total score and SPs score in 2000 were statistically significant. Moreover, clinical skills for collecting patients' information were found to be unsatisfactory.<BR>CONCLUSIONS: As the standardized OSCE medical interviews are performed at all medical schools in Japan today, further improvements in education and in the evaluation system will be required in the future to ensure students obtain the skills expected of them for practicing medicine.
- Gen. Med.
Gen. Med. 7(2), 53-60, 2006-12-01
Japan Primary Care Association