Lack of Ghrelin Secretion in Response to Fasting in Cholecystokinin-A (-1), -B (-2) Receptor-Deficient Mice

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Cholecystokinin receptors (CCK-Rs) have been classified into two subtypes: CCK-AR (1R) and -BR (2R). We generated CCK-AR(–/–), CCK-BR(–/–), and CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice and found that the gastric emptying of a liquid meal was increased in CCK-BR(–/–) and AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice, compared with wild-type and CCK-AR(–/–) mice. Given that enhanced gastric emptying leads to eating, food intake after overnight fasting was examined, as was the effect of CCK-8S on food intake. Male mice 6–8 months of age were deprived of food for 16 h with free access to water, after which they were injected intraperitoneally (0.1 ml/mouse) with either vehicle or CCK-8 (0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 nmol/mouse), and their food intake was monitored for 4 h. CCK-8S inhibited food intake in wild-type and CCK-BR(–/–) mice, but not in CCK-AR(–/–) or AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice. Unexpectedly, we observed a lower food intake in CCK-AR(–/–)BR (–/–) mice treated with vehicle than in mice of the other genotypes. To examine the mechanism of decrease in food intake in CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice, the involvement of ghrelin was determined in wild-type and CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice. Fasting plasma ghrelin levels were significantly lower in CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice than in wild-type mice, and no increase in response to fasting was observed in CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice. An administration of acyl-ghrelin produced a small increase in food intake in CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice, but not to the levels of wild-type mice. In conclusion, CCK-AR(–/–)BR(–/–) mice showed lower food intake as well as lower response to exogenous ghrelin, and a lower plasma ghrelin level after fasting, though which receptor is more important is unknown.<br>

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  • The journal of physiological sciences : JPS  

    The journal of physiological sciences : JPS 56(6), 441-447, 2006-12-01 

    PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018494044
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA12129145
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    18806546
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8613034
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS8(科学技術--医学--解剖学・生理学・生化学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-D40
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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