Purification and Characterization of α-Glucosidase I from Japanese Honeybee (Apis cerana japonica) and Molecular Cloning of Its cDNA

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α-Glucosidase (JHGase I) was purified from a Japanese subspecies of eastern honeybee (Apis cerana japonica) as an electrophoretically homogeneous protein. Enzyme activity of the crude extract was mainly separated into two fractions (component I and II) by salting-out chromatography. JHGase I was isolated from component I by further purification procedure using CM-Toyopearl 650M and Sephacryl S-100. JHGase I was a monomeric glycoprotein (containing 15% carbohydrate), of which the molecular weight was 82,000. Enzyme displayed the highest activity at pH 5.0, and was stable up to 40 °C and in a pH-range of 4.5–10.5. JHGase I showed unusual kinetic features: the negative cooperative behavior on the intrinsic reaction on cleavage of sucrose, maltose, and p-nitrophenyl α-glucoside, and the positive cooperative behavior on turanose. We isolated cDNA (1,930 bp) of JHGase I, of which the deduced amino-acid sequence (577 residues) confirmed that JHGase I was a member of α-amylase family enzymes. Western honeybees (Apis mellifera) had three α-glucosidase isoenzymes (WHGase I, II, and III), in which JHGase I was considered to correspond to WHGase I.

α-Glucosidase (JHGase I) was purified from a Japanese subspecies of eastern honeybee (<I>Apis cerana japonica</I>) as an electrophoretically homogeneous protein. Enzyme activity of the crude extract was mainly separated into two fractions (component I and II) by salting-out chromatography. JHGase I was isolated from component I by further purification procedure using CM-Toyopearl 650M and Sephacryl S-100. JHGase I was a monomeric glycoprotein (containing 15% carbohydrate), of which the molecular weight was 82,000. Enzyme displayed the highest activity at pH 5.0, and was stable up to 40 °C and in a pH-range of 4.5–10.5. JHGase I showed unusual kinetic features: the negative cooperative behavior on the intrinsic reaction on cleavage of sucrose, maltose, and <I>p</I>-nitrophenyl α-glucoside, and the positive cooperative behavior on turanose. We isolated cDNA (1,930 bp) of JHGase I, of which the deduced amino-acid sequence (577 residues) confirmed that JHGase I was a member of α-amylase family enzymes. Western honeybees (<I>Apis mellifera</I>) had three α-glucosidase isoenzymes (WHGase I, II, and III), in which JHGase I was considered to correspond to WHGase I.

収録刊行物

  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 70(12), 2889-2898, 2006-12-23

    Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018523573
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8596274
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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