Enhanced Daunomycin Accumulation in Human Intestinal Caco-2 Cells from Non-Ionic Food Emulsifiers Unrelated to the P-Glycoprotein Inhibitory Mechanism

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Some of the non-ionic surfactants used in pharmaceutical formulations inhibit P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multi-drug transporter. The effect of such food emulsifiers as polyglycerol esters (PGE) and sugar esters (SE) of fatty acids on the P-gp activity was studied by using human intestinal Caco-2 cells. The cellular accumulation of [<SUP>3</SUP>H]-daunomycin, a P-gp substrate, was markedly enhanced by PGE and SE. This accumulation-enhancing activity varied among the emulsifiers, but was correlated with their surface activity. The uptake of soluble nutrients such as amino acids was only slightly reduced by PGE and SE. These results suggest that these emulsifiers specifically inhibited P-gp. When the basal-to-apical transport of daunomycin across the Caco-2 monolayers was measured, however, the emulsifiers did not decrease the efflux of daunomycin to the apical chamber. The enhanced accumulation of daunomycin would therefore not have been due to P-gp inhibition, but instead to the increased daunomycin permeability of cell membranes caused by the emulsifiers.

収録刊行物

  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry  

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 70(11), 2703-2711, 2006-11-23 

    Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018524901
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8560502
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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