Suppression of Methionine-Induced Hyperhomocysteinemia by Glycine and Serine in Rats
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The hyperhomocysteinemia induced by a dietary addition of 1% methionine was significantly suppressed by the concurrent addition of 1% glycine or 1.4% serine to the same degree. The methionine-induced increase in the hepatic concentration of methionine metabolites was significantly suppressed by glycine and serine, but the hepatic cystathionine β-synthase activity was not enhanced by these amino acids. When the methionine-supplemented diet was changed to the methionine plus glycine or serine diet, the plasma homocysteine concentration rapidly decreased during and after the first day. The hyperhomocysteinemia induced by an intraperitoneal injection with methionine was also suppressed by concurrent injection with glycine or serine, although the effect of serine was significantly greater than that of glycine. These results indicate that glycine and serine were effective for suppressing methionine-induced hyperhomocysteinemia: serine and its precursor glycine are considered to have elicited their effects mainly by stimulating cystathionine synthesis by supplying serine, another substrate for cystathionine synthesis.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(10), 2403-2409, 2006-10-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry