Polyphenolic Constituent Structures of Zanthoxylum piperitum Fruit and the Antibacterial Effects of Its Polymeric Procyanidin on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
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<I>Zanthoxylum piperitum</I> (Rutaceae) is used as a spice and a natural medicine in Japan. Our study found that ZP-CT-A, a polymeric proanthocyanidin purified from the fruit of this species, noticeably decreased the minimum inhibitory concentrations of β-lactam antibiotics for methicillin-resistant <I>Staphylococcus aureus</I> (MRSA). The structure of ZP-CT-A was characterized on the basis of <SUP>13</SUP>C NMR and size exclusion chromatographic data and the results of thiolytic degradation. A mechanistic study of the effects of ZP-CT-A indicated that it suppressed the activity of β-lactamase and largely decreased the stability of the bacterial cell membrane of MRSA, as shown by a reduction in the tolerance of MRSA to low osmotic pressure and high ionic strength solutions.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(6), 1423-1431, 2006-06-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry