Cloning, Expression, and Identification of Immunological Activity of an Allergenic Protein in Tartary Buckwheat
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A cDNA fragment encoding a 24 kDa allergenic protein in tartary buckwheat was obtained using reverse transcription PCR, 3′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), and nest PCR. The cDNA clone contained 768 nucleotides, including 588 nucleotides in the open reading frame (ORF) and 180 nucleotides in the 3′-terminal sequence. The ORF encoded a functional protein of 195 amino acids. It shared 95% and 93% nucleotide homology with the allergenic storage protein and a legumin-like protein from common buckwheat respectively. The encoding region was expressed in host strain <I>Escherichia coli</I> BL21 (DE3) induced by IPTG at 28 °C. The inclusion bodies of recombinant protein obtained were analyzed by western blot and purified by affinity chromatography. The purity of target protein reached above 95%. After they were refolded by step-wise dialysis, 68% of the inclusion bodies reached soluble state. An analysis of immunological activity showed that the recombinant protein had a specific IgE binding activity. This is the first report of the molecular cloning and expression of the major allergen from tartary buckwheat.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(5), 1195-1199, 2006-05-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry