Preventive Effect of Egg Yolk Phosvitin on Heat-Insolubilization of Egg White Protein and Its Application to Heat-Induced Egg White Gel
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The effects of phosvitin (PV) on insolubilization of egg white protein (EWP) and ovotransferrin (OT) were examined by measuring turbidity after heating at 80 °C in a pH range of 5 to 8. PV showed preventive ability against heat-insolubilization of EWP, especially heat-labile OT. The preventive ability of PV was reduced by adding NaCl to a PV-OT mixture on heating. Native PAGE and gel filtration analyses showed that PV prevented an insolubilization of heat-denatured OT through ionic interactions. The preventive effects of PV on insolubilization of EWP and OT resulted in the formation of a firm, transparent gel from EWP in coexistence with PV on heating. The addition of PV might make possible the preparation of liquid egg white without insoluble products even on heat-treatment at high temperatures.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(4), 836-842, 2006-04-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry