Potent Odorants Characterize the Aroma Quality of Leaves and Stalks in Raw and Boiled Celery

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

The raw and boiled odors of celery leaves and stalks were investigated. Among 12 compounds identified as potent odorants, 3-<I>n</I>-butylphthalide <B>1</B>, sedanenolide <B>2</B>, and <I>trans</I>- and <I>cis</I>-sedanolides <B>3</B>, <B>4</B> were assessed to be most contributive to the overall odor of celery. These three phthalides, (3<I>E</I>,5<I>Z</I>)-1,3,5-undecatriene, myrcene, and (<I>E</I>)-2-nonenal were common to both raw and boiled materials. Two compounds, ((<I>Z</I>)-3-hexenal and (<I>Z</I>)-3-hexenol), were dominant in raw materials and four compounds, (2-methylbutanoic acid, sotolon, β-damascenone, and β-ionone), were dominant in boiled materials. Sensory evaluations were performed on natural celery odor and a series of reconstructed model aromas by assigning each intensity ratings for a set of seven odor qualities which aptly describe the odors of raw and boiled celery. According to the evaluation results, six common components contributed to the moderate odor of raw celery, two components dominant in raw materials enhanced the raw celery character, and four components dominant in boiled materials reduced the raw celery character and enhanced the boiled celery character. It was clarified that boiling-induced changes in celery odor were not affected by the amounts of phthalides, but by thermally generated compounds such as sotolon, β-damascenone, and β-ionone, which reduce the "green spicy" note.

収録刊行物

  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry  

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 70(4), 958-965, 2006-04-23 

    Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

参考文献:  20件

参考文献を見るにはログインが必要です。ユーザIDをお持ちでない方は新規登録してください。

被引用文献:  1件

被引用文献を見るにはログインが必要です。ユーザIDをお持ちでない方は新規登録してください。

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018532597
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7899905
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ