Comparison of Enzymatic and Antifungal Properties between Family 18 and 19 Chitinases from S. coelicolor A3(2)

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<I>Streptomyces coelicolor</I> A3(2) has 13 chitinase genes encoding 11 family 18 and two family 19 chitinases. To compare enzymatic properties of family 19 chitinase and family 18 chitinases produced by the same organism, the four chitinases (Chi18bA, Chi18aC, Chi18aD, and Chi19F), whose genes are expressed at high levels in the presence of chitin, were produced in <I>Eschericha coli</I> and purified. The effect of pH on the hydrolytic activity was very different not only among the four chitinases but also among the substrates. The hydrolytic activity of Chi19F, family 19 chitinase, against soluble substrates was remarkably high as compared with three family 18 chitinases, but was the lowest against crystalline substrates among the four chitinases. On the contrary, Chi18aC, a family 18-subfamily A chitinase, showed highest activity against crystalline substrates. Only Chi19F exhibited significant antifungal activity. Based on these observations, the roles of family 19 chitinases are discussed.

収録刊行物

  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry  

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 70(4), 988-998, 2006-04-23 

    Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018532713
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7899935
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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