Isolation and Characterization of a β-Primeverosidase-Like Enzyme from Penicillium multicolor
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<I>p</I>-Nitrophenyl and eugenyl β-primeveroside (6-<I>O</I>-β-<small>D</small>-xylopyranosyl-β-<small>D</small>-glucopyranoside) hydrolytic activity was found in culture filtrate from <I>Penicillium multicolor</I> IAM7153, and the enzyme was isolated. The enzyme was purified as a β-primeverosidase-like enzyme by precipitation with ammonium sulfate followed by successive chromatographies on Phenyl Sepharose, Mono Q, and β-galactosylamidine affinity columns. The molecular mass was estimated to be 50 kDa by SDS–PAGE and gel filtration. The purified enzyme was highly specific toward the substrate <I>p</I>-nitrophenyl β-primeveroside, which was cleaved in an endo-manner into primeverose and <I>p</I>-nitrophenol, but a series of β-primeveroside as aroma precursors were hydrolyzed only slightly as substrates for the enzyme. In analyses of its hydrolytic action and kinetics, the enzyme showed narrow substrate specificity with respect to the aglycon and glycon moieties of the diglycoside. We conclude that the present enzyme is a kind of β-diglycosidase rather than β-primeverosidase.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(3), 691-698, 2006-03-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry