Interaction of (+)-Catechin with a Lipid Bilayer Studied by the Spin Probe Method
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The interaction of (+)-catechin with a lipid bilayer was examined by the spin probe method. The spin probe, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO), was dissolved in an aqueous dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) dispersion containing (+)-catechin. The temperature dependence of the TEMPO parameter was measured. The increase of this parameter due to pretransition was eliminated by the addition of (+)-catechin, suggesting that it was adsorbed to the lipid membrane surface in the gel state, which hindered the change of the membrane from a flat to wavy structure. In the temperature region of the main transition, the TEMPO parameter increased rapidly, then gradually with increasing temperature, which could be explained by the eutectic phase diagram. The rotational correlation time of a spin probe 16-doxylstearic acid and the order parameter of 5-doxylstearic acid in the aqueous dispersion system of egg yolk phosphatidylcholine revealed that the motion of the alkyl chain in the liquid crystal state was hindered in the center of the membrane as well as near the surface by the adsorption of (+)-catechin.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(2), 395-400, 2006-02-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry