Effects of Dietary Oyster Extract on Lipid Metabolism, Blood Pressure, and Blood Glucose in SD Rats, Hypertensive Rats, and Diabetic Rats
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Oyster extract was prepared by hydrolysis of oyster protein with proteases, Aloase (a protease from <I>Bacillus subtilis</I>), and Pancitase (a protease from <I>Aspergillus oryzae</I>). Rats were fed a diet containing 20% casein (the control diet) or 15% casein and 5% oyster extract (the oyster extract diet) as the protein source. The oyster extract diet exerted a significant reduction in serum cholesterol and liver triglyceride concentrations as compared with the control diet in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats fed cholesterol-supplemented diets for 4 weeks. The activities of cytosolic fatty acid synthase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were significantly lower in the oyster extract group than in the control group in the liver of SD rats. Hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations were significantly lower in spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats and Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, type 2 diabetic rats, fed the oyster extract diet, for 4 weeks and 4 months respectively, than in those fed the control diet in the cholesterol-free diet. Blood pressure was significantly lower in the oyster extract group than in the control group at the 2nd and 4th weeks after the beginning of feeding experimental diets in SH rats. These results suggest that oyster extract prepared by hydrolysis of oyster induces triglyceride-lowering activity in the liver through a decrease in hepatic lipogenesis in SD rats, and that it exerts the antihypertensive effect in SH rats.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(2), 462-470, 2006-02-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry