Directed Evolution to Enhance Secretion Efficiency and Thermostability of Chitosanase from Mitsuaria chitosanitabida 3001
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Chitosanase (ChoA) from <I>Mitsuaria chitosanitabida</I> 3001 was successfully evolved with secretion efficiency and thermal stability. The inactive ChoA mutant (G151D) gene was used to mutate by an error-prone PCR technique and mutant genes that restored chitosanase activity were isolated. Two desirable mutants, designated M5S and M7T, were isolated. Two amino acids, Leu74 and Val75, in the signal peptide of ChoA were changed to Gln and Ile respectively in the M7T mutant, in addition to the G151D mutation. The L74Q/V75I double ChoA mutant was 1.5-fold higher in specific activity than wild-type ChoA due to efficient secretion of ChoA. One amino acid Asn222 was changed to Ser in the M5S mutant in addition to the G151D mutation. The N222S single ChoA mutant was 1.2-fold higher in specific activity and showed a 17% increase in thermal stability at 50 °C as compared with wild-type ChoA. This is the first study to achieve an evolutional increase in enzyme capability among chitosanses.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(2), 559-563, 2006-02-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry