Ovalbumin-Related Gene Y Protein Bears Carbohydrate Chains of the Ovomucoid Type
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We have recently established the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific to the major food allergen, ovomucoid, as mAb 7D, recognizing the carbohydrate moiety of ovomucoid, and mAb 6H, the peptide moiety (<I>Biosci. Biothechnol. Biochem.</I>, <B>68</B>, 2490–2497, (2004)). Using these mAbs, we found commercially available ovalbumin preparations contaminated with a considerable amount of ovomucoid together with other glycoproteins. To examine the contaminants, egg white was subjected to cation-exchange chromatography. An unidentified protein was found in egg white that reacted with mAb 7D but not with mAb 6H, having a molecular size of about 52 kDa and a blocked N-terminus. Two internal amino acid sequences of the fragments obtained after a lysyl endopeptidase and a hydroxylamine treatment revealed the protein to be ovalbumin Y (ovalbumin-related gene Y protein). We conclude that ovalbumin Y is a unique chimeric glycoprotein having an amino acid sequence similar to that of ovalbumin, but having a carbohydrate moiety similar to that of ovomucoid.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(1), 144-151, 2006-01-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry