Induction of a Ribotoxic Stress Response That Stimulates Stress-Activated Protein Kinases by 13-Deoxytedanolide, an Antitumor Marine Macrolide
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13-Deoxytedanolide is a structurally unique macrolide with strong antitumor activity isolated from a marine sponge. Recently, we showed that 13-deoxytedanolide bound to the large subunit of the yeast ribosome and inhibited polypeptide elongation <I>in vitro</I>, but the mechanism by which it exerts antitumor activity is still unknown. Here we show that 13-deoxytedanolide strongly induces plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) promoter-derived gene expression. 13-Deoxytedanolide, unlike TGF-beta, did not cause apparent nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, but it relocalized the temperature-sensitive mutant of mouse p53 (p53Val153) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus at a nonpermissive temperature, suggesting that 13-deoxytedanolide inhibits protein synthesis. Indeed, the drug inhibited <I>in vivo</I> protein synthesis at low nanomolar concentrations and strongly activated stress-activated protein kinases such as p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and Jun NH<SUB>2</SUB>-terminal protein kinase (JNK). Anisomycin, a well-known inducer of ribotoxic stress that activates both p38 and JNK, also activated PAI-1 gene expression, while other protein synthesis inhibitors that do not activate the kinases failed to do so. PAI-1 gene expression by 13-deoxytedanolide and anisomycin was blocked by SB202190, a specific inhibitor of p38, and SP600125, an inhibitor of both p38 and JNK. 13-Deoxytedanolide and anisomycin caused activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1, MKK3/MKK6, and SEK1/MKK4, the regulatory kinases upstream of p38 and JNK. These results suggest that 13-deoxytedanolide, like anisomycin, triggers a ribotoxic stress response that activates stress-activated protein kinase cascades, thereby inducing PAI-1 gene expression and apoptosis.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(1), 161-171, 2006-01-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry