Phylogenetic and Morphological Diversity of Bacteroidales Members Associated with the Gut Wall of Termites
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The microbial community adherent directly or indirectly to the gut wall of termites is distinct from that of the other habitats in the gut. The bacterial 16S rRNA genes were identified from the fractionated gut walls of two termite species, <I>Hodotermopsis sjoestedti</I> and <I>Neotermes koshunensis</I>, and compared with those previously identified from <I>Reticulitermes speratus</I>. Surprisingly, the bacterial constituents were almost entirely different among the termites at the phylotype level (the criterion of the phylotype was >97% nucleotide identity). Bacteria in the order <I>Bacteroidales</I>, which were commonly abundant symbionts on gut walls, were phylogenetically analyzed. They were dispersed in a number of clusters formed by phylotypes from the guts of various termites. <I>In situ</I> hybridization with probes specific for some phylotypes and a phylogenetic cluster detected the cells of several <I>Bacteroidales</I> members with a significant variety of cell morphology in the gut wall fractions, which reflects the phylogenetic diversity of this order.
- Agricultural and Biological Chemistry
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 70(1), 211-218, 2006-01-23
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry