Effect of Na_2O on Crystallization of Mould Fluxes for Continuous Casting of Steel
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The effect of Na<sub>2</sub>O on the behavior and mechanism of the precipitation of cuspidine from the CaO–SiO<sub>2</sub>–CaF<sub>2</sub>–Na<sub>2</sub>O quaternary slags has been investigated by solid-state <sup>19</sup>F nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction analysis. It is found that F<sup>−</sup> predominantly bonds with Ca<sup>2+</sup> rather than Na<sup>+</sup> in the composition range of the commercial mould fluxes. This result indicates that the presence of Na<sub>2</sub>O may not prevent the precipitation of cuspidine from the slags. The glass transformation temperature and the crystallization temperature of cuspidine decrease with increasing Na<sub>2</sub>O content. The mass fraction of cuspidine in the samples heated at 973 K was obtained as a function of heat treatment time. It is found that the mass fraction of cuspidine significantly increases at the early stage of the heat treatment, but levels off later on. The mass fraction of cuspidine at the leveling-off is the largest for the sample with 4 mass% Na<sub>2</sub>O, and is smaller as the Na<sub>2</sub>O content is either smaller or larger than 4 mass%. It is also found that the incubation period is observed before the crystallization starts, and that the incubation period is shorter as the Na<sub>2</sub>O content in the sample is larger.
- Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan 46(12), 1805-1809, 2006-12-15
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan