Influence of Sulphur Content and Molten Steel Flow on Entrapment of Bubbles to Solid/Liquid Interface
The sliver defects which occur easily on ultra low carbon steel sheet are the most harmful defects, especially to automobile outer panel products. There may be many causes of the sliver defects such as nonmetallic inclusions, bubbles, surface cracks and inner cracks. However, crack formation is not a serious problem in continuously cast ultra low carbon steel because of its good ductility at high temperatures. Therefore, it is important to reduce the amount of nonmetallic inclusions and bubbles just below the slab surface. Electro-Magnetic Stirring in the mold (M-EMS) is an effective tool to remove such bubbles and reduce the amount of the sliver defects, although the effects of M-EMS on the reduction in sliver defects are influenced by the chemical composition of steel, especially by the sulphur content. The slabs cast at No.4CC-1<sup>st</sup> strand in Kakogawa Works reveal rather a high content of bubbles when the sulphur content is higher and M-EMS is not applied. In this study, the reason why sliver defects caused by bubbles are more likely to occur on steel of higher sulphur content is discussed based on the interaction between advanced solid/liquid interface and bubbles. The forces acting on the bubbles are theoretically described as a function of bubble radius, velocity and interfacial tension gradient of liquid steel in front of a solid/liquid interface.
- ISIJ international
ISIJ international 46(12), 1817-1822, 2006-12-15
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan