Histopathological, Immunopathological and Electron Microscopic Studies on Pig Liver Inoculated with Pasteurella multocida Dermonecrotic Toxin
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Dermonecrotic toxin (DNT) produced by <i>Pasteurella multocida</i> was purified by anion-exchange chromatography, gel filtration, and high-performance liquid chromatography. Pigs were given an intramuscular injection of <i>P.multocida</i> dermonecrotic toxin (Pm-DNA), which produced necrotic lesions of the liver. Liver sections were taken at intervals of 2, 12, and 24 hours after Pm-DNA injection. We examined the sections histopathologically, immunopathologically, and electron microscopically. The earliest alterations observed were loss of glycogen from hepatocytes, which became more severe during later intervals, vacuolation and single-cell necrosis of hepatocytes, as well as desquamation and fragmentation of the sinusoidal endothelium. The vacuoles subsequently increased in quantity and size with the passage of time and found to contain homogeneous fine material and/or fibrillar material. These materials were thought to be fibrin and blood serum. The vacuoles penetrated the cytoplasm of the hepatocytes. We considered that liver necrosis caused by Pm-DNT probably resulted from the principal effects of vascular injury, although the membrane of the hepatocytes was more or less damaged by the toxin.
- J Toxicol Pathol
J Toxicol Pathol 11(2), 109-117, 1998-06-01
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGIC PATHOLOGY