はく離の前兆となる流れ場変化 [in Japanese] Sign for Precursor of Flow Separation [in Japanese]
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Jets issuing through small holes in a wall into a freestream have proven effective in the control of flow separation. This technique is known as the vortex generator jet (VGJs) method. If a precursor signal of separation is found, the separation control system using VGJs can be operated just before the onset of separation and the flow field with no separation is always attained. In this study, we measured the flow field and the wall static pressure in a two-dimensional diffuser to find a precursor signal of flow separation. The streamwise velocity measurements were carried out in the separated shear layer and the spectral analysis was applied to the velocity fluctuations at some angles of diffuser. The pattern of peak in the spectral analysis is changed as the divergence angle increases over the angle of which the whole separation occurs. The change of spectral pattern is related to the enhancement of the growth of the shear layer vortices and is appeared just before the onset of separation. Therefore, the growth of the shear layer vortices can be regarded as a precursor signal of flow separation.
Turbomachinery 35(2), 94-101, 2007-02-10
Turbomachinery Society of Japan