企業合理化に伴う企業城下町の中心商業地の変容 : 兵庫県相生市を事例として Transformation of the Main Shopping Area in a Company Town by Rationalization of the local dominant Enterprise : The Case of Aioi, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan

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本研究では,企業城下町相生市を事例に,企業合理化に伴う中心商業地の変容を明らかにするため,店舗交替の経年的変化と非商店の実態から非商店化の過程と要因を解明した.相生市では合理化以降,商業の衰退が深刻である.中心商業地は,企業が設置した売店組合を基盤に,戦後企業の発展とともに成長したが,近年では人口や歩行者通行量が著しく減少し,非商店化している.バブル崩壊以前は店舗交替が進展していたが,崩壊後は新規出店が少なく,店舗閉鎖が非商店化につながっている.中には住民の存在,所有者の意向により店舗交替を阻害している区画も含まれるが,賃貸可能性のある空き店舗も多い.これらから,合理化により衰退しつつあった中心商業地において,バブル崩壊以降,新規参入需要が低下したことが非商店化の主たる要因であるといえる.したがって,企業城下町の中心商業地における非商店化は,最盛期の規模・エリアの縮小を示している.

In this research, the case of the company town Aioi was investigated to clarify the transformation of the main shopping area by rationalization of the local dominant enterprise, namely Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. In addition, the process and factors leading to changes in use such as vacant stores, parking lots, or residences were clarified along with the status of closed stores.<br> The situation in Aioi remains difficult because the industrial structure has not been converted and the population has continuously decreased since the rationalization of the enterprise. Therefore, the commercial environment has declined markedly.<br> The decrease in the population and the amount of pedestrian traffic has been significant, and the land use has changed greatly in the main shopping area. Changes to nonretail use are progressing in general, while changes in land use differ greatly in each shopping district. Changes to nonretail use did not occur before the collapse of the bubble economy because alterations in retail stores continued. However, store closures have been correlated with changes to nonretail use since the collapse of the bubble economy because few new businesses have opened.<br> The reasons for and the forms and processes of store closures in the main shopping area differ greatly depending on store characteristics. Many stores closed due to personal circumstances or slumps in business in small-scale stores.<br> Among closed stores, there are many vacant stores with little possibility of retail rental, since there are residents now. In addition, some were converted into residences and parking lots by their owners. These factors prevent alterations in previous stores to new retail use. However, the main factor preventing new retail use is the decrease in new entry demand.<br> Although the main shopping area was declining because of rationalization of the enterprise in the 1980s, changes to nonretail use have continued because new entry demand has decreased due to the collapse of the bubble economy, population decrease, and the development of shopping areas in the suburbs after the 1990s. Therefore, the changes to nonretail use in the main shopping area in this company town reflect a reduction in commercial scale and area.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論  

    地理学評論 79(7), 355-372, 2006-06-01 

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018862757
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11591990
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13479555
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7978045
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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