Trifunctionally Cross-Linked Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers: Swelling Dynamics and Electromechanical Effects

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著者

    • Cho Dong-Uk Cho Dong-Uk
    • Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
    • Yusuf Yusril Yusuf Yusril
    • Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
    • Brand Helmut R.
    • Theoretische Physik III, Universität Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
    • Kai Shoichi
    • Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

抄録

Here, we study the influence of cross-linking density, $X$, on the swelling, thermal and electric field response of trifunctionally cross-linked liquid single crystal elastomers (V3 LSCEs) swollen with low molecular weight liquid crystals, 4-$n$-pentyl-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB). The cross-linker concentrations are $X_{\text{3V3}}=3.3$ mol %, $X_{\text{5V3}}=5$ mol %, and $X_{\text{7V3}}=7$ mol %. LSCE networks are characterized by frozen-in orientation order, $P$. $X_{\text{c}}$ is a constitutional critical point for LSCE networks. When $X<X_{\text{c}}$ ($P=0$), there are no shape changes and a nematic-isotropic transition takes place at $T_{\text{NI}}$. When $X>X_{\text{c}}$ ($P>0$), supercritical behavior prevails over a range of temperatures, $\Delta T_{\text{s}}$. Taking $\Delta T_{\text{s}}\propto(X-X_{\text{c}})^{1/2}$, we find a critical cross-linking density, $X_{\text{c}}\approx 3$%, for V3 LSCEs. 5CB diffuses ${\perp}\mathbf{n}$ into V3 similar to isotropic gels with typical times, $\tau_{\perp\mathbf{n}}$ in minutes, that decreases with increasing $(X-X_{\text{c}})$. Swelling with reorientation effects is initiated by 5CB propagating into V3 followed by relaxation of the front profile with $\tau_{\bot}^{(2)}$ (twist), and $\tau_{\|}^{(13)}$ (splay-bend) that both increase nearly parabolically with increasing $(X-X_{\text{c}})$. Front speeds are 50% faster in 5V3 than in 7V3 but no fronts were observed in 3V3. Compared to dry V3 LSCE volumes, $V_{\text{d}}$, the swollen volumes, $V_{\text{s}}$, increased as $X\rightarrow X_{\text{c}}$: $V_{\text{s}}/V_{\text{d}}\sim(X-X_{\text{c}})^{-0.27}$ reducing the frozen-in orientational order at $X$ to $\tilde{X}=X(V_{\text{d}}/V_{\text{s}})$. The maximum electromechanical effect found in swollen V3 was $\delta_{\text{MAX}}\sim(\tilde{X}-\tilde{X}_{\text{c}})$ with $\tilde{X}_{\text{c}}\sim 0.25$%. The size of the effect is much smaller than observed in 8A2 which has a larger $P$. For 7V3 the effect is about 4 times smaller and for 5V3, it is an order of magnitude smaller.

収録刊行物

  • Japanese journal of applied physics. Pt. 1, Regular papers & short notes  

    Japanese journal of applied physics. Pt. 1, Regular papers & short notes 46(3A), 1106-1113, 2007-03-15 

    Published by the Japan Society of Applied Physics through the Institute of Pure and Applied Physics

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10018867383
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10457675
  • 本文言語コード
    EN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0021-4922
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8688354
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM35(科学技術--物理学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-A375
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  JSAP 
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